Determinant of a matrix

This online calculator computes determinant of a matrix, using it's definition

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Created: 2011-06-24 21:29:11, Last updated: 2021-03-03 07:46:50
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The site engine now allows input of long texts, so this is the first calculator to use this feature; and it is used to enter the matrix, and the calculator computes the determinant of the entered matrix.

It uses determinant definition, which is a recursive calculation, and, in theory, quite resource consuming. Still, for our case, with matrixes entered manually, I believe it is enough (if not, please use Determinant by Gaussian elimination).

Some notes about determinants are below the calculator for those who forgot.

PLANETCALC, Determinant of a matrix

Determinant of a matrix

Digits after the decimal point: 2
Determinant of a matrix

Some recursive formulae:

det A=\begin{vmatrix} a_{11}\end{vmatrix} = a_{11}

  • determinant of a matrix 1x1

det A=\begin{vmatrix} a_{11} & a_{12} \\ a_{21} & a_{22} \end{vmatrix}=a_{11}a_{22}-a_{12}a_{21}

  • determinant of a matrix 2x2

det A=\sum_{j=1}^n (-1)^{1+j} a_{1j}\bar M_j^1

  • determinant of a matrix nxn, where n > 2
    \bar M_j^1 - minor of a_{1j}.
    Minor of a_{1j} - is the determinant of a (n–1) × (n–1) matrix that results from deleting the 1-th row and the j-th column of A. That's why this is a recursive definition.

For example, here is the determinant of a matrix 3x3
det A =  \begin{vmatrix} a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} \\ a_{21} & a_{22} & a_{23} \\ a_{31} & a_{32} & a_{33} \end{vmatrix} = a_{11}\begin{vmatrix}    a_{22} & a_{23} \\  a_{32} & a_{33} \end{vmatrix}-a_{12}\begin{vmatrix}    a_{21} & a_{23} \\  a_{31} & a_{33} \end{vmatrix}+a_{13}\begin{vmatrix}    a_{21} & a_{22} \\  a_{31} & a_{32} \end{vmatrix}

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PLANETCALC, Determinant of a matrix