Old Russian (Byzantine) system of chronology
Old Russian calendar - Years are counted since the creation of the world
There is a term in chronology called an era. It doesn't matter what year it's now. It has to have its sequence number, i.e., it must be counted from some starting date.
Actually, the term era is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase "ab exordial Regni Augusti" i.e., "since the reigning of Augustus" (aera - era)
Take notice that era can be real - when it comes from a real event, like since the reigning or unreal - when it comes from a mythical event, as the world creation.
We know one of such eras - Christian era or Anno Domini chronology.
It was created by the Roman monk Dionysius Exiguus in circa VI AD. Then the so-called "Diocletian era", i.e., the numbering of years was since the reigning of Roman emperor Diocletian.
Dionysius somehow calculated that the date of Christ's birth was 284 years before the Diocletian era. Dionysius era was adopted in all Christian Europe.
It was different for Russia. As Christianity came to us from Byzantium, it came with Byzantium chronology since the creation of the world as well. This system was used in Russian until 1700 when Peter I decreed to convert Russia into the Christian era.
According to Byzantine chronology, there were 5508 years from the creation of the world until Christ's birth. The year in this system is based on a Julius calendar.
The conversion is pretty simple, but in Ancient Russia, until the end of the XVII century, the year started from March or September. Before the Peter the First decree, there were two calendar styles - march(the year started from the 1st of March) and September (the year started from the 1st of September).
Different styles change the method of calculation as for the march style, the year is lagging behind the Christian new year, and for the September style, it's ahead of Christian new year by 4 months. Here is an example.
Let's use March of 7100 in march style. It matches March 1592 AD.
If we use February 7100 in march style, i.e., the end of the year, it will match February of 1593 AD.
Now let's review September 7100 in "September style". It matches September 1591 AD, but February 7100 matches February 1592 in "September style".
By the way, it's not stated which style is used in chronicles for the dates of events. You need to rely on numerous logical methods to find it. It's also known that since the end of the XV century, the September style was used more than the March style. There were also two modifications of March style - Ultra-march and Circa-march.
So this calculator converts dates of our era into Old Russian (Byzantine) and can be used for mere fun. The back conversion is used for the dating of chronicles and more complex as it requires context analysis of the style used in the chronicle.
The last thing is about months - since the Julian calendar was a basis for an old Russian calendar, there are Latinized names of the months in early sources, e.g., Junius, Julius, Augustus, etc.
- • Height in the old Russian system of measures
- • The Muslim calendar. The Gregorian calendar conversion
- • Conversion between metric units of length and old Russian system of measures units of length
- • USD to rubles and vice versa by the Central Bank of Russian Federation exchange rate
- • Julian and Gregorian calendars
- • Date and Time section ( 64 calculators )