# Equation of a line given two points

This online calculator finds the equation of a line given two points on that line, in slope-intercept and parametric forms

You can find an equation of a straight line given two points laying on that line. However, there exist different forms for a line equation. Here you can find two calculators for an equation of a line:

• first calculator finds the line equation in slope-intercept form, that is,

It also outputs slope and intercept parameters and displays the line on a graph.

• second calculator finds the line equation in parametric form, that is,

It also outputs a direction vector and displays line and direction vector on a graph.

Also, the text and formulas below the calculators describe how to find the equation of a line from two points manually. #### Second point

Line equation

Slope

Intercept

Digits after the decimal point: 2 #### Second point

Equation for x

Equation for y

Direction vector

Digits after the decimal point: 2

## How to find the equation of a line in slope-intercept form

Let's find slope-intercept form of a line equation from the two known points and .
We need to find slope a and intercept b.
For two known points we have two equations in respect to a and b

Let's subtract the first from the second

And from there

Note that b can be expressed like this

So, once we have a, it is easy to calculate b simply by plugging or to the expression above.

Finally, we use the calculated a and b to write the result as

### Equation of a vertical line

Note that in the case of a vertical line, the slope and the intercept are undefined because the line runs parallel to the y-axis. The line equation, in this case, becomes

### Equation of a horizontal line

Note that in the case of a horizontal line, the slope is zero and the intercept is equal to the y-coordinate of points because the line runs parallel to the x-axis. The line equation, in this case, becomes

### How to find the slope-intercept equation of a line example

Problem: Find the equation of a line in the slope-intercept form given points (-1, 1) and (2, 4)
Solution:

1. Calculate the slope a:
2. Calculate the intercept b using coordinates of either point. Here we use the coordinates (-1, 1):
3. Write the final line equation (we omit the slope, because it equals one):

And here is how you should enter this problem into the calculator above: slope-intercept line equation example

## Parametric line equations

Let's find out parametric form of a line equation from the two known points and .
We need to find components of the direction vector also known as displacement vector.

This vector quantifies the distance and direction of an imaginary motion along a straight line from the first point to the second point.

Once we have direction vector from to , our parametric equations will be

Note that if , then and if , then

### Equation of a vertical line

Note that in the case of a vertical line, the horizontal displacement is zero because the line runs parallel to the y-axis. The line equations, in this case, become

### Equation of a horizontal line

Note that in the case of a horizontal line, the vertical displacement is zero because the line runs parallel to the x-axis. The line equations, in this case, become

### How to find the parametric equation of a line example

Problem: Find the equation of a line in the parametric form given points (-1, 1) and (2, 4)
Solution:

1. Calculate the displacement vector:
2. Write the final line equations:
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PLANETCALC, Equation of a line given two points