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Side length of the regular polygon

Calculates the side length of the regular polygon circumscribed or inscribed to a circle. Created by user's request

Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License 3.0 (Unported)

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Our user asked us to create a calculator which should determine the "side length of the regular polygon (pentagon, hexagon) by diameter or radius of a circumscribed circle".

Actually, this is quite simple. We have to find the length of the base of the triangle, which is formed by the center of the polygon and two adjusted vertexes of the regular polygon. Since the two remaining sides of the triangle are the two radii, and the center's angle is 360 divided by the number of sides of the regular polygon, we can use the law of sines - two sides related to each other as sines of opposite angles. Our triangle is also isosceles, so finding the remained angles is a piece of cake. You can see the result below.

PLANETCALC, Side length of regular polygon inscribed to a circle

Side length of regular polygon inscribed to a circle

Digits after the decimal point: 2
Side length
 

P.S. Now, I've been asked how to find the regular polygon's side length by a radius of an inscribed circle?

This is even simpler. Our triangle is formed by the center of the polygon, one of the vertexes, and the contact point between the circle and the polygon side. The point of contact has a right angle, so half of the polygon side is radius multiplied by the tangent of a sharp angle. The sharp angle is 360 divided by the number of sides and divided by 2. You can see the result below.

PLANETCALC, Side length of the regular polygon circumscribed to a circle.

Side length of the regular polygon circumscribed to a circle.

Digits after the decimal point: 2
Side length
 

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Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License 3.0 (Unported) PLANETCALC, Side length of the regular polygon

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